Different Stones Used In Construction

Most of the prehistoric monuments are built with natural stones as they remain stable with time. Before the arrival of concrete, stones were highly preferred for heavy engineering works like bridge piers, harbour walls, seaside walls, and facing works.

Stones for building and construction functions are gotten by quarrying from solid enormous rocks. The stones used for masonry construction must be hard, long-lasting, hard, and should be devoid of weathered soft patches of material, cracks, and other defects that are responsible for the reduction of strength and toughness.

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Basalt And Trap

They are used as road metals, aggregates for concrete. They are also utilized for debris masonry works for bridge piers, river walls and dams. They are utilized as pavement.


It is a deep-seated igneous rock, which is hard, long-lasting and available in different colours. It has a high value of squashing strength and is capable of bearing high weathering.


It has been commonly used around the world in constructing temples, homes, and other structures. Although its resistance to weathering differs, sandstone is simple to work. That makes it a common building and paving material, including asphalt concrete.


Limestone is utilized for flooring, roof, pavements and as a base material for cement. It is found in Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Tamil Nadu


Slate is a fine-grained, foliated, uniform metamorphic rock that originated from an original Slate tile were utilized in 19th century UK building construction apart from roofs. 

In locations where slate is plentiful, it is likewise used in pieces of different sizes for constructing walls and hedges, sometimes integrated with other sorts of stone.


To produce a syenite, it is necessary to melt an igneous or granitic protolith to a relatively low degree of partial melting. 

At extremely low degrees of partial melting a silica undersaturated melt is produced, forming a nepheline syenite, where orthoclase is replaced by a feldspathoid such as analcime, leucite or nepheline.


It is a metamorphic rock. Its specific gravity is 1.85 and compressive strength differs from 1.9 to 2.3 N/mm2. When utilized as a structure stone, its outer surface area should be plastered.


A lot of limestones is made into crushed stone and used as a construction product. It is utilized for facing stone, floor tiles, stair treads, window sills, and numerous other functions.


It is a metamorphic rock that can be quickly cut and sculpted into various shapes. It is utilized for decorative purposes, stone facing pieces, floor covering, facing works etc


Quartzites are metamorphic rocks. They are readily available in different colours like white, grey, yellow-coloured.


Gneiss is a medium- to coarse-grained, semi schistose metamorphic rock. It is identified by rotating light and dark bands varying in mineral structure coarser-grained than schist. 

The lighter bands consist of primarily quartz and feldspar, the darker frequently include biotite, graphite, hornblende or garnet. They can be used for flooring, pavement and not for significant purposes because of their weakness. It is found in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Gujarat.